Lübeck, the queen of the Hanseatic towns, was founded in 1143 as the “Occidental city on the Baltic coast” and almost 900 years later, in 1987, was designated by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage Site. Even today much of the city possesses a medieval ambience and many cultural-historical sights, recalling its great past as a free imperial and Hanseatic city. With its superb red-brick Gothic buildings, imposing churches, winding alleys, the historic old-town island and of course the world-famous Holsten Gate, a visit to Lübeck is an unforgettable experience for fans of culture, history and the maritime lifestyle!
The Holsten Gate is Lübeck’s trademark and probably the most famous city gate in Germany. The German Association of Cities chose it as a symbol – and marzipan manufacturers and other Lübeck enterprises as a trademark. The Holsten Gate was built by Hinrich Helmstede, master builder of the Lübeck city council, between 1464 and 1478. It housed 30 cannons, which however never fired a shot, and originally the gate could be closed by two gate wings. Nowadays Lübeck’s famous landmark also serves as a museum. In the exhibition entitled “The Power of Trade”, the history of Lübeck as a thriving Hanseatic city is presented in seven themed rooms.